Recommendations For The Modernization Of Solid Waste Management
In Class I Cities In India : By Report Of The Committee Constituted By
The Hon’ble Supreme Court Of India (March, 1999)
Stroage Of Waste At Source
No waste shall be thrown the streets, footpaths, open spaces, drains or water bodies.
Waste shall be stored at the source of waste generation in two bins/bags, one for food waste / bio-degradable waste and another for recyclable waste such as papers, plastic, metal glass , rags etc. (see annexure ‘a’ and ‘b’)
Waste such as used batteries, containers for chemicals and pesticides, discarded medicines and other toxic or hazardous household waste, if and when produced, should be kept separately from the above two streams of waste.
Segregation Of Recyclable Waste
The local bodies shall direct households, shops and establishments not to mix recyclable waste with domestic food / bio-degradable waste and instead keep recyclable / non- biodegradable waste in a separate bin or bag at the source of waste generation.
Primary Collection Of Waste
Domestic , trade and institutional food / bio-degradable waste, shall be collected from the doorstep or from the community bin on a daily basis.
Recyclable waste material / non bio-degradable waste other then toxic and hazardous waste shall be collected from the source of waste generation at the frequency and in the manner, notified by the local body from time to time.
Domestic hazardous / toxic waste material shown in annexure ‘b’ shall be deposited by the waste producers in special bins that may be provided by the local body at various places in the city for depositing such waste.
Sweeping Of Streets & Public Spaces
All public roads, streets, lanes and bye-lanes having habitation or commercial activity on one or both sides of the street shall be cleaned on a daily basis, assigning a clearly demarcated area to each sweeper and street sweepings shall be deposited in the container placed at the temporary waste storage depot established in the city.
Provision Of Litter Bins
Adequate numbers of litter bins shall be placed in urban areas at railway stations, bus station, market places, parks and gardens and important commercial streets to prevent the littering of streets and public places.
Temporary waste storage depots for onward transportation of waste.
All open waste storage sites should be abolished expenditiously and all dust bins made of cement pipes, metal rings, masonary construction should also be replaced in a phased manner by a temporary waste storage facility in the form of a neat mobile closed. Body large container , or a parked vehicle, for emporary storage of waste through containerised hand-carts / containerised tricycles etc., from the door steps and / or from the community bins for onward transportation of waste in a cost effective manner.
Transportation Of Waste
Transportation of waste shall be done regularly to ensure that the containers / trolleys and dusbin sites are cleared before they start over-flowinig. The frequency of transportation shall be arranged accordingly. The system of transportation of waste must synchronise with bulk storage of waste at the temporary waste storage depots. Multiple and manual handling of waste should be avoided.
Recommended Processing And Dispoal Options
All organic / bio-degradable wastes collected from households, shops, markets, hotels and other establishements shall first be composted by following suitable methods of composting with or without power generation as deemed appropriate.
Only rejects and domestic hazardous waste shall be carefully landfilled. Bio medical waste shall be disposed of as per the bio-medical waste (management and handling) rules,1998.
Institutional Aspects & Capacity Building
The local body shall take adequate measures for institutional strengthening through induction of professionals, decentralisation of administration, delegation of powers, human resources development , private sector and ngo praticipation.
Types Of Waste To Be Put In The Bin Meant For Food Waste & Bio-Degradable Waste.
- Foods waste of all kinds, cooked and uncooked, including eggshells and bones
- Flower and fruit waste including juice peels and house-plant waste.
- House sweeping (not garden sweeping or yard waste : dispose on-site)
- Sanitary towels
- Disposal diapers and incontinence pads
Types Of Recyclable Wastes To Be Kept For Collection By The Informal Sector
- Paper and plastic, all kinds
- Cardboard and cartons
- Containers of all kinds excluding those containing hazardous material
- Packaging of all kinds
- Glass of all kinds
- Metals of all kinds
- Rags, rubber, wood
- Foils, wrappings, pouches, sachets and tetra packs (rinsed)
- Cassettes, computer diskettes, printer cartridges and electronic parts
- Discarded clothing, furniture and equipment