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    Municipal Solid Waste Management - Role Of Private Sector Partnership In MSW
 
Role Of Private Sector Partenership In Solid Waste Management

In the State of Maharashtra, there are 250 No. of local Bodies (Metrocities, Corporations, ‘A’-class Councils, ‘B’&’C’ class Councils, Cantonement , Boards & Nagar Panchayats ).The detail breakup of ULBs is as below :-

1 Corporations 22
2 ‘A’ class Council 18
3 ‘B’ & ‘C’ class Council 203
4 Cantonment Board 03
5 Nagar Panchayats 04
Total 250
Maharashtra Pollution Control Board has prepared a summery statement of all local bodies indicating class, populations, Quantum of MSW generations, status of Authorization and Form –II submission by the local bodies. Out of 250 ULBs, MPC Board have issued Authorization to 245 ULBs and Applications for authorization of 03 ULBs have been refused by the Board .Moreover, the present waste generation in terms of total waste generation in maharashtra with respect to the Corporation area , ‘A’class Council & ‘B’ & ‘C’ class Municipal Councils comes to the tune of 64.66 % ; 25.88%; 9.46% respectively.
Compliance criteria for ULB’s as per provisions of MSW (M & H)Rules 2000
Prohibition of littering & providing adequate storage facility for MSW.
Storage & segregation as per waste categories viz. Biodegradable, Recyclable, Debris & construction waste.
Collection & Transportation of waste.
Processing of Biodegradable & recyclable waste.
Disposal of non biodegradable, non recyclable & inert waste in sanitary landfills.
Environmental Monitoring viz. Ground water & Ambient Air Quality Monitoring.
Awareness & participation of citizens along with NGO’s.
Need To Know About Waste
MSW generated in ULB’s mainly comes from Households, Commercial, Institutional, street sweeping, construction & demolition waste, sanitation waste, Biomedical waste, industrial hazardous waste. The Biomedical & Industrial Hazardous waste shall not be allowed to mix with MSW & shall be disposed as per the provisions of Biomedical Waste (M & H) Rules 1998 & Hazardous Waste (M & H) Rules 1989 amended in 2000.The MSW free from Biomedical & Industrial waste shall be source segregated depending upon its moisture content, Biodegradability, Calorific Value for its scientific disposal by the means of recycling, reprocessing, composting, vermicomposting, waste to energy, anaerobic digestion & sanitary landfills.
Microplanning For Collection & Transportation Of Msw
Micro planning for collection & Transportation of MSW will include systematic & logical assessment of source data interpreted for Urban planning. The Micro planning will include collection of relevant data in terms of population density, per capita waste generation, Road leanth & Width , & finally Inventorization of the source data . The Inventory of source data will be utilized for planning primary & secondary collection bins, planning of primary & secondary transportation vehicles, Routes of transportation , Storage & disposal of waste. The objectives of micro planning in MSW management are organization of source data, area specification, Accurate evaluation of various options in SWM, effective & rapid trouble shooting, effective monitoring plans & improved performance.
Modes Of Processing & Disposal Of Msw
The recent trends of Technologies adopted / available for processing & disposal of MSW are as
Sanitary Land fillings which is restricted for nonbiodegradable, inert waste which shall not be suitable for processing or recycling, processing rejects from Waste processing plants.
Composting
Vermicomposting
Incineration
Pelletization or Refused derived Fuel
Gasification/ Pyrolyasis
Anaerobic treatment
Waste to Energy in terms of Biogas or power generation.
Need Of Private Sector Participation In Solid Waste Management

Municipal Solid waste (M & H) Rules 2000 are applicable to every municipal Authority generating waste for it’s collection, segregation , transportation ,processing & scientific disposal to protect the human health & quality of environment. SWM is essential public responsibility. The services rendered by ULB’s should be efficient, economic & reliable to comply Hon’ble Supreme Court directives in this regards.

The Present Scenario of SWM in almost all the ULB’s shows unscientific open dump, Burning of the waste, insufficient & irregular waste collection, thereby creating Environmental pollution & hygienic problems to human Health. The processing of MSW as per the provisions of MSW Rules requires basic infrastructures for collection, transportation , processing & sanitary land fillings. The cost of SWM projects for setting up basic infrastructures is very high . The major hurdle facing ULB’s in this regards is Inadequate Resources / Finance. It is observed that the cost of ULB’s in processing of waste are high due to excessive overheads (High salary) of employee, redundant personnel’s, low productivity of personnel’s, high social benefits entertained by the systems. Also Inadequate staff, limited resources & lack of technical awareness in the local body personnel are major issue for proper operation & maintaince of MSW processing plants. Also public awareness & community participation is a major factor for effective implementation of MSW Rules 2000 & will play important role in SWM.

With limited access to financial & other resources, ULB’s are finding it increasingly difficult to provide improved level of Environmental services. Considering the present scenario & poor performance by ULB’s in SWM , it is essential to involve private sector participation in such projects.

Objectives Of Private Sector Participation In Swm
Financial capability of Private sector participation will bring investment/ finances for such projects.
The investment & finances by private sector will improve operational efficiency.
The competitions among private sector investors, technicacally competent personnel’s & organized management structure will create superior quality .
The private sector investors will be accountable to the services rendered by him for its quality & reliability.
The private sector investors will enjoy more freedom from political interference & restricted Bureaucracy..
The services rendered by private sector investors will be more reliable & efficient towards the protection of the environment & public health. The private sector investors in SWM may involve in the following activities to improve the services rendered by ULB’s for peoples.
Modes Of PPS In MSW Management
Services for transportation or heavy equipments procurements.
H - H collection by licensed contractor.
H - H collection by service contract
Collection of construction & demolition waste, Industrial waste, hotel waste, commercial waste by individual participation
Sweeping & cleaning of streets, open spaces
Waste processing plants by service or contracts as partnership.
The contractual agreement among private sector investors & ULB shall include clearly defined services considering the health & safety aspect, Environmental protection, legal aspect of compliance towards legislation & cost recovery aspect. The proper definition of the services made in mutual agreement can ensure good & reliable services which can be helpful at larger stage for monitoring & evaluation of services. The performance monitoring in terms of service efficiency, reliability, service quality & cost can be emphasized by ULB by defining operational standards, regulatory checks & conducting performance checks by means of public awareness & participation .
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